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I am wondering if one could use if and whether in the same phrase or whether it is better to use two identical conjunctions.

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You just did use if and whether in the same phrase (twice in fact), and it made sense (both times) …

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The words "if" and "whether" are both used to introduce conditional or indirect questions. However, there are slight differences in their usage. Here's how to use "if" and "whether" correctly:

"If" is used in conditional sentences and expresses a condition or possibility.


"If it rains, we will stay indoors."
"I don't know if he will come to the party."

In these examples, "if" introduces a condition or uncertainty, indicating that an action or event will happen or be considered based on the condition being met.

"Whether" is used when presenting two or more alternatives or when expressing doubt or uncertainty.


"She asked whether he had received the email."
"I'm not sure whether we should go by car or by train."

In these examples, "whether" introduces a question or doubt about the options or possibilities available.

It's important to note that "if" is generally used in conditional sentences, while "whether" is used when presenting alternatives or expressing doubt. However, in some cases, "whether" can be used interchangeably with "if" to introduce indirect questions.


"I wonder if/whether she will be there."

In this example, both "if" and "whether" can be used interchangeably to introduce the indirect question about her presence.

Overall, understanding the specific context and meaning you want to convey will help you choose between "if" and "whether" appropriately.

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